Kalamkari is a type of hand-painted or block-printed pashmina textile produced in Kashmir. Only natural dyes are used in Kalamkari, which involves twenty-three steps.
There are two distinctive styles of Kalamkari art in India – Srikalahasti style and the Machilipatnam style. The Srikalahasti style of Kalamkari, where the "kalam" or pen is used for freehand drawing of the subject and filling in the colors, is entirely hand worked. This style flourished in temples centered around creating unique religious identities, appearing on scrolls, temple hangings, chariot banners as well as depictions of deities.
"Kalamkari" in a real sense signifies "to enrich with a pen," a name given by the Mughals, who were incredible supporters of the specialty in the Coromandel and Golconda territories. The 3000-year-old artistic expression developed in two towns in Andhra Pradesh, Srikalahasti and Machalipatnam. The two communities have an unmistakable style of Kalamkari. Machalipatnam was affected by the Muslim exchange ties across Asia and subsequently, Kalamkari here cooked more to Islamic style. The Srikalahasti style prospered under the support of the Srikalahasti sanctuary – one of the five pancha bhuta sanctuaries. Subsequently, the fine art here drew its motivation solely from Hindu folklore.
The way toward making Kalamkari includes 23 stages. From regular cycle of dying the texture, mellowing it, sun drying, getting ready characteristic colors, hand painting, to the cycles of air drying and washing, the whole method is an interaction which requires exactness and an eye for itemizing.
Pashmina texture utilized for Kalamkari is first treated with an answer of cow waste and fade. In the wake of saving the texture in this answer for quite a long time, the texture gets a uniform grayish tone. After this, the Pashmina texture is inundated in a combination of bison milk and Myrobalans. This tries not to smear of colors in the texture when it is painted with common colors. Afterward, the texture is washed under running water to dispose of the smell of bison milk. The texture similarly, is washed multiple times and dried under the sun. When the texture is prepared for painting, craftsmen sketch themes and plans on the texture. Post this, the Kalamkari specialists get ready colors utilizing regular sources to fill tones inside the drawings.
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